Based on the Intellectual Property Rights Protection index for 2020 from the US Chamber of Commerce, for example, of the 53 countries surveyed, Indonesia was ranked 46th. This is certainly something of great concern, and should be corrected at a later date. (US Chamber of Commerce, 2020).
Not only globally, Indonesia is also at the bottom of the list in terms of IPR protection for countries in the Asian region. U.S. The Chamber of Commerce notes that copyright protection, amidst rampant piracy, is one of the major problems in Indonesia related to IPR protection.
For someone who spends a lot of time in Indonesia, especially in big cities like Jakarta, this is certainly something we can find very easily. If we go to various shopping centers, for example, we will not be able to close our eyes to the many shops that sell various pirated products, ranging from movies, music albums, fashion, computer software, and video games. These products are sold at prices far below the original product.
One person, for example, could buy a movie or song album for under Rp.10,000, or buy fashion products for less than 10% of the original price. This is of course very detrimental to those who have worked and thought hard to work and innovate.
Additionally, the U.S. The Chamber of Commerce also notes that Indonesia does not have any systematic research examining the relationship between IPR protection and economic growth. This of course reduces the incentive for the government to enforce laws and regulations protecting IPRs to be reduced, or even nonexistent.
There are several studies that show the relationship between IPR protection and economic growth. Park & Ginarte (1997) for example, found that there is a close relationship between the two things. Protection of IPR can increase the accumulation of production factors, such as research and development capital. The existence of IPR protection can encourage those engaged in research to invest more and take higher risks, which of course will encourage economic growth (Mrad, 2017).
Despite this, the U.S. The Chamber of Commerce also noted that there were several positive developments related to the protection of intellectual property rights in Indonesia. Among them are the implementation of better copyright protection in cyberspace, by closing several free streaming sites, and better coordination at the cabinet level regarding the enforcement of IPR protection.
Examples of government policy initiatives related to IPR protection in Indonesia, one of which can be seen from the efforts made by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kemenkumham) through the Directorate General of Intellectual Property (Ditjen KI). In 2017, the Directorate General of KI implemented a policy to strengthen the function of Civil Servant Investigators (PPNS) in enforcing IPR protection in Indonesia.
One of the things to improve the PPNS function of the Directorate General of KI includes adding the PPNS authority to carry out the mediation process if there is a dispute related to the HAKI case. This mediation is an alternative form of resolving disputes related to IPR outside the judiciary (Directorate General of Intellectual Property, 2017).
This is certainly something to celebrate and appreciate. Protection of intellectual property rights in Indonesia is of course very important, to protect the rights of innovators, artists and creative content creators so that they can enjoy the results of their hard work and creativity.
Thus, it is hoped that there will be more innovators and creative people born in Indonesia, who can have a very positive impact on the economy and increase welfare.